The Arizona department included the federal territory, much of southern California and the southern tip of Nevada, altogether about 175,000 sq. mi. A study of Kautz’ postwar life is by Andrew Wallace, “Soldier in the Southwest: The Career of General A. V. Kautz, 1869–1886” (Univ. of Arizona Ph.D. thesis, 1968). See also Lawrence G. Kautz, August Valentine Kautz, USA: Biography of a Civil War General (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2008), 213-15.
 Robert M. Utley, Frontier Regulars: The United States Army and the Indian, 1866-1890 (New York, 1973), 3-14, 20-22, 35, 357-59, 372. Thomas E. Sheridan, Arizona, a History (Tucson: Univ. of Arizona Press, 1995), 107-108.
 Charles Patrick Eagan joined the Washington Territory volunteers in 1862. After the Civil War, he was commissioned in the regular army and participated in the Modoc Indian War but transferred to the Subsistence Department in 1874. He was Commissary General of the army in 1898. Constance W. Altshuler, Cavalry Yellow & Infantry Blue (Tucson: Arizona Historical Society, 1991) 115-16.
 Hq., Dept. of Arizona, G. O. 18, Aug. 17, 1877, RG 393, Records of U. S. Army Continental Commands, National Archives (NA). Campbell resigned from West Point in 1864 to join the 1st N.Y. Artillery. He was appointed a 2d lt. in the 6th Cavalry in 1866. Before his regiment left Texas in 1875, Campbell was court-martialed for insubordination (1871) but promoted to captain in 1874. His indebtedness was the subject of admonishment from The Adjutant General of the army (see AGO Files 1030  and 1368 ), Record Group 94, Gen. Corresp. of the Adjutant-General’s Office, National Archives [NA]. His court-martial at Prescott (July 25–August 7, 1877) is in File QQ 327, RG 153, Records of the Office of the Judge Advocate General, NA. Altshuler, Cavalry Yellow & Infantry Blue, 55.
 This and the next three paragraphs are based on ms. diaries in the Papers of General August V. Kautz (Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.), for the years 1877–78. Hereafter, Kautz Diary.
. William H. Carter, From Yorktown to Santiago with the Sixth U.S. Cavalry (Orig. publ. 1900; reprint, Austin, TX: State House Press, 1989), 188-92, 194. Capt. Samuel W. Whitside and two companies of the 6th Cav. founded Ft.Huachuca on March 3, 1877. Altshuler, Cavalry Yellow & Infantry Blue, 367.
. Complete proceedings of the Campbell court are included as Exhibit P in the 1878 court-martial record of Kautz, File QQ-628, RG 153, NA.
. U.S. Senate, 47 Cong., 1 sess. Report No. 600 (to accompany bill S. 1736) May 31, 1882. Altshuler, Cavalry Yellow & Infantry Blue, 55.
-General Order No. 2, Jan. 12, 1878, Dept. of Arizona, RG 393, NA. Altshuler, Cavalry Yellow & Infantry Blue, 115.
. Letter, Humphreys to Dunn, Nov. 13, 1877, and Dunn's testimony in File QQ-628. The father of Capt. Campbell was Archibald Campbell, civil engineer for the Pacific railway surveys and the Northwest Boundary Survey before the Civil War.
. Information on Eagan and his relationship to the Sherman, McKee, and Dunn families comes mostly from fugitive documents from the National Archives in the author's possession. See also Oscar T. Shuck, Bench and Bar in California (San Francisco, 1888), 120-21 (for Eagan's early life); W. H. Powell, comp., Records of Living Officers of the Army (New York, 1890) 190; W. T. Sherman, Memoirs (New York, 1875); and William W. Woolen, William McKee Dunn, Brigadier General, U.S.A. (New York, n.d.).
. Dunn's endorsement to Campbell court-martial, Exhibit F, file QQ-628. Ellen Sherman had known Eagan since pre-Civil War days on the Pacific Coast when her husband was a banker in San Francisco and young Eagan was living with their friend John T. Doyle, a prominent lawyer. She had once written of Eagan that “a brighter braver boy never lived” when she tried to get him a brevet for his part in the quelling the Modoc Indian uprising. Letter, Mrs. Wm. T. Sherman to Secretary of War, July 1, 1873. Copy in author's possession. Anna McAllister, Ellen Ewing, Wife of General Sherman (New York, 1936), 120, 123, 127-31.
 Sherman's endorsement to Campbell court-martial, Dec. 12, 1877, Exhibit F, File QQ-628.
 Sherman believed that the President was very amenable to private entreaties from old army friends. Utley, Frontier Regulars, 366n.
. Prescott Arizona Enterprise, Jan. 9, 1878.
. File 237 AGO 1878.
. File 881 AGO 1878. The 8th Infantry was scattered about the Arizona department but, over several months, would be concentrated at Benicia Barracks near San Francisco. Martha Summerhayes, Vanished Arizona, 4th ed. (Tucson: Arizona Silhouettes, 1960) 173-176.
. File 1073, AGO 1878.
. New York Times, Feb. 27, 1878.
. Letter, Dunn to Secretary of War, Feb. 15, 1878, enclosing two copies of Kautz’ Pamphlet. File 1850 (1878), RG 107. Records of the Office of the Secretary of War.
. Sherman's endorsement Feb. 15, to ibid.
. Endorsements by Secretary of War McCrary, Feb. 19 Ibid.
. Kautz Diary, 1878.
. Ibid. File QQ-628.
 Entry in The New Handbook of Texas, Vol. 1 (6 vols., Austin: Texas State Historical Soc., 1996) s.v. “Augur” by Robert Wooster. Martin F. Schmitt, ed., General George Crook, His Autobiography, 2d ed. (Norman: Univ. of Oklahoma Press, 1960) 3, 6, 27, 29, 241-42. Powell, Records of Living Officers, 98f (Burnham), 305 (Ingalls), and 330 (Kilburn).
 Kautz Diary, 1878. Kelton, a year ahead of Kautz at West Point, had been assistant adjutant-general for the Div. of the Pacific since 1870 and would become Adjutant-general of the Army in 1889. Powell, Records of Living Officers, 324-25. Files 2465 and 2751 AGO 1878.
 Letter, Sheridan to Sherman, April 13, 1878 (letterbook copy) and letter, Sherman to Sheridan, April 20, 1878, in the Papers of Philip H. Sheridan (Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.).
. File QQ-628.
. Army and Navy Journal, May 18, 1878.
. Ibid. Kautz Diary, 1878.
 General Court-Martial Order No. 26, Hq. of the Army, May 18, 1878.
. William Winthrop, A Digest of the Opinions of the Judge Advocate General of the Army (Washington, 1880) 44. [Charles R. Holland,] A Digest of Opinions of the Judge Advocates General of the Army, 1912 (Washington, 1912) 144.